From Emancipation To The Reggae Boyz


From Emancipation To The Reggae Boyz is based on a 2006 Institute of Caribbean Cultural Studies U.W.I., Mona PhD dissertation titled : The Industrialization of Football : A Cultural Analysis of Jamaica’s Reggae Boyz 1998 Road To France World Cup Campaign. From Emancipation To The Reggae Boyz is an African-Caribbean Ras TafarI centered perspective/narrative of 180 years (1834-2014) of struggle for economic, social, political, religious and cultural freedoms / liberation…viewed through the lens of international football. 

African – Caribbean Ras TafarI Centeredness can be defined as ‘the practice and meditations’ of African/Black People as Agents grounded/centered in a historical Space (in this case the Caribbean) and Time (1834 – present) using the Philosophy and Opinions (Consciousness) of Marcus Garvey and the Teachings of His Imperial Majesty JAH Ras TafarI as the primary tools for advancing social, economic, spiritual  and political life’. 

The African Caribbean Centered Ras TafarI Perspective is not color-conscious; it is not a matter of “color” but of Culture that matters in the orientation of Centeredness. Such a critical shift in thinking means that the African Caribbean-Centered Ras TafarI Perspective provides new insights and dimensions to the understanding of past and present phenomena.

Pre-Emancipation Day Lecture Reasoning


Cordially invites the General public to participate in a Pre-EMANCIPATION DAY LECTURE REASONING 

Topic: EMANCIPATION: Fact or Fiction?

Time:  2:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.

Date:   Thursday 31st July 2014




2:00 – 2:15 Welcome/Introduction

2:15 – 2:45 LECTURE 1 – RAS Makkonen: From the Letter of Willie Lynch to the Declaration of Emancipation

2:45 – 3:00 Q & A

3:05 – 3:35 LECTURE 2- Dr I MAN BLAK : Apprenticeship Period in Jamaica (1834 – 1838)

3: 40 – 3:55` Q & A

4:oo – 4:30 LECTURE 3 – RAS OSA OSAGBORO: False Notions of Freedom

4:30 – 4:45 Q & A

4:45 – 4:55 SUMMARY 


First Black International Footballer


The first Black player to play football internationally was ANDREW WATSON who played for Scotland between 1881 and 1882 . Born May 1857 in British Guiana, West Indies, Watson aged 24, went to Glasgow University to acquire a Bachelor of Arts degree. Watson lived with his wife and child at Afton Crescent in Govan.

 WATSON started his career with Maxwell FC in Glasgow. Then aged 19, his next step was Parkgrove in 1874. By the time Watson reached the University in November 1875, he had already played football for Scotland’s leading team, Queens Park. From 1880 – 1887 there came Watson’s days of glory at Queens Park. Records show that he played in 36 competitive games for Queens Park. He also appeared for the London Swifts in the English Cup championships in 1882, making him the first Black player in English Cup history. Commentators of the day regarded Watson “as one of the best players in Britain”. He earned 2 Scottish Cup medals and 4 Charity Cup medals during his career.  He was much sought after by clubs in England as well as Scotland.

ANDREW WATSON’s place in football history extends to the highest echelons of the game. Andrew Watson as a player and club administrator put Scottish and British football on the world map. Watson was a man of intelligence, foresight, and entrepreneurial skills He pioneered a narrative of Black progress in British football that can be regularly tapped for inspiration. As Club Secretary for Queens Park- the man who arranged the team’s schedule and managed its affairs- Watson was the first Black in a British club’s board room. He helped build up the profile of his club and prestigious tournaments, and ensured the loyalty of future generations of fans and spectators. Watson’s stellar attributes marked his as special for all times.

The first Black professional player was ARTHUR WHARTON, playing for Preston North End in 1889. Wharton was born in Ghana, West Afrika, joined PNE in the late 1880’s. He was mainly a goal keeper who sometimes took the field. WALTER TULL, of Barbadian descent played for the North London club Tottenham Hotspurs in the early 20th century.

ARTUR FRIEDENREICH was the first Black Brazilian who started his career in 1910. He dyed his hair and skin to avoid problems from the first years of his career. Up to the time of King Pele, ARTHUR WATSON was perhaps the most important Black player in the world capable of playing on either side of defense or in midfield. Andrew Watson went on to become the world’s first Black footballing administrator.

 No mean feat for a first time generation immigrant in a game where non-whites were rare, and in a city like Glasgow where African and or Caribbean people were nearly invisible.

It is on record that the game of football was introduced into the Gold Coast region towards the close of the 19th century by merchants from Europe. Sailors during their leisure times played football among themselves and sometimes with a select side of the indigenous people. 
The popularity of the game spread like wild fire within a short time along the coast culminating in the formation of the first football club, Excelsior, in 1903 by Mr. Briton, a Jamaican-born Briton, who was then the Head Teacher of Philip Quaicoe Government Boys School in Cape Coast.
Philip Quaicoe Government Boys School in Cape Coast.

He played club  for Queens’s Park.

Original I MAN


As I MAN-age, I MAN form certain precepts and attain a certain flexibility which determines I MAN persona. I MAN see things with open eyes and I MAN horizons are limitless. I MAN have a certain degree of firmness but welcome divergence and diversity. I MAN is strong enough to let other people be who they are and don’t feel threatened by their brilliance. I MAN know that all birds are not made by the same feathers. I MAN accept that different folks have different strokes. I MAN commit mistakes but cope well with the concomitant frustrations and I own fallibility.

I MAN never assume too much. I MAN don’t hitch I wagon to the stars. I MAN expect nothing and I MAN have no one and nothing to blame. If the unexpected happen I MAN feel a thrill that cannot be described in words. I MAN march to the sound of I own drum.

I MAN bow I head to the wind. I MAN move along with the current and ride with the tides. I MAN have the knack of converting misfortune into fortune and believe in blessings in disguise. I MAN have more faith in men who have fallen many times and have risen each time than in men who have never fallen at all. As one English writer said. “It is better to have loved and lost than not to have loved at all”. Experience makes him a greater man.

I MAN know when luck strikes and when luck runs out. But I MAN know that luck is the residue of design. I MAN change the things that I can and accept the things I MAN cannot change and have the wizzy to know the difference. I MAN will give you an inch but won’t give a foot. I MAN will let someone pat I back but won’t let that same one bang I MAN head. Enough is enough!
I MAN view life as a comedy and a tragedy.

Even when the most dreadful of tragedies strike, all is not lost. With every breath there is hope. Even tragedy has its own humor. As I MAN say, “It is better to have bad breath than no breath at all”. Everybody grows but not everyone grows up. I MAN accept that. I MAN develop I own tastes, likes and dislikes and don’t expect everyone to be like I. I MAN know whom and when to please and whom and when not to please. I MAN run when I have to and fight if called for. I MAN learn the value of relationship and the price of involvement.
It takes extra to rise above the crowd. I MAN seek out I own enjoyment. Life is what I MAN make it. I MAN is the Master of I own Destiny.


Chapter 2 .:cont’d..From Harbour View to the New York COSMOS & BLAK

Melbourne Park 1965 – 1967

I prepared myself and passed the government administered Common Entrance Examination in the first attempt and envisioned a career in sport with dreams of playing Manning Cup and international football in the realm of the great King Pele. Kingston College, it can be argued is Jamaica’s first sports college. The school’s motto reads: Fortis Cadere, Cedere non potest’ which translates to mean ‘the brave may fall but never yield’. I entered KC at Melbourne Park in 1965. KC were winners of the Manning Cup in 1964 and 1965 placing 10 players on the All Manning Cup team. KC’s Manning Cup teams of 1964 and 1965 have been acclaimed to be the ‘greatest schoolboy team’ ever with outstanding play against Brazil’s National under 20 team.
My first two years at KC were spent at Melbourne Park, Elletson Road. All my hopes and aspirations were centered on playing football for KC in the Manning Cup. In my first term at KC I represented my class/form (1e) team at Form football, distinguished myself as a skillful dribbler and goal scorer and was rewarded by being named a member of the All First Form team.
This was a highly motivating experience and I looked forward to my second year in high school. I continued to do well in my academic studies and set my sight on playing on KC’s Junior Colts team. In my second term at KC I was named to the Junior Colts (U14) Team and for the first time represented the ‘Purples’ against traditional name schools such as J.C., Wolmers, Decarteret, etc. and learning the ethics of schoolboy football. I was named to the All Second Form Team and thus maintained a level of consistency in personal performance.
By 1965, “dem tek weh wi fiel inna Harbour View an mek one up-scal)e housin scheme called Caribbean Terrace… rite pon de sea”. The demise of the ‘Big Field’ had repercussions that still resonate (today) in the football culture of Harbour View.
The moving of the football centre from East Harbour View to the Compound on the western side of Harbour View and the shifting of the football loci from east Harbour View to the western section where play was developed on the hazardous and stony Compound and led to the subsequent demise of the Eastern Thunderbolt FC. Shortly afterwards a small triangular piece of land located on Aqua Avenue on the Western side of the community also became another recognized play area.
ASIDE: When the Flora rains of 1966 swamped Jamaica, Caribbean Terrace experienced minimal damage but the first indication of potential danger was evident as the Hope River flooded out homes [in Harbour View] along the bank of the river [Riverside drive, Orion avenue, etc.] as well as threatened the back yards of the homes in Caribbean Terrace. The field was ‘captured’ by very opportunistic and greedy investors who convinced upper middle class and affluent potential home owners of the ‘exclusiveness’ in purchasing a home in the newly proposed ‘Caribbean Terrace’ to be built on the “buffer lands” between the Caribbean Sea and the St. Thomas main road. Hurricane Ivan’s “message in 2005” apparently did not register home. Forty five years later Hurricane Dean would reclaim the ‘Big Field’.

In April 1968, four days after the assassination of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King in Memphis, Tennessee…at the relatively tender age of 13, Donald Davis boarded a British Overseas Airway Corporation (BOAC) aircraft heading for the United States of America….TO BE CONTINUED… CHAPTER 3…..FROM HARBOUR VIEW TO BROOKLYN

METAMORPHOSIS (Apr. 1st, 2016)



METAMORPHOSIS (Apr. 8th, 2016)

METAMORPHOSIS (Apr. 15, 2016)